I specialize in the Low FODMAP diet- the most effective dietary management of IBS.
FODMAPs are a group of carbohydrate molecules that some people are unable to digest properly. FODMAP is an acronym that stands for:
Oligosaccharides (fructans and galacto-oligosaccharides-GOS)
Disaccharides (lactose, milk sugar)
Monosaccharides (excess fructose)
Polyols (sugar alcohols such as mannitol and sorbitol)
When not broken down by normal digestive functions, they pass through to the small intestine where they have an osmotic effect: meaning they draw water in the small intestine which leads to diarrhea and/or constipation. The carbohydrate molecules then pass to the large intestine where they are rapidly fermented by bacteria, causing gas, bloating and abdominal distension.
The Low FODMAP diet is proven to be the most effective dietary management of IBS to date. It is an elimination diet that removes foods that are high in FODMAPs for a period of time until IBS symptoms improve. FODMAPs are then strategically reintroduced to see which ones you tolerate and how much.